In this lecture, general architecture of a robotized tractor with
some of the usual systems that comprise intelligent machine will be presented.
Given the morphology of a robotized tractor, it is important to consider the
intelligent tractor as a whole intelligent machine rather than as an
amalgamation of sensors. Therefore, physical positions of the sensors and
actuators are critical to ensuring an efficient design. One of the main
mistakes made when configuring a robotized tractor or machine could be a lack
of consideration of the harsh environment together with engine and road
vibrations to which the tractor and consequently the sensors and transducers
can be exposed. Meanwhile influence of environmental high and low temperatures
in the winter and summer, strong winds, high humidity, dew and unpredicted
rains, dust, friction from branches, exposure to sprayed chemicals, and many
other influencing parameters should be taken into account in design and
construction of an intelligent tractor. These conditions make an intelligent
tractor design special, as it diverges from classic robotic applications where
mobile robots are designed to work indoors. In many cases, placing a sensor or
transducer in an appropriate position can protect it from rough weather and
therefore extend its working life.
Discipline "energy efficiency in agriculture" -will form a set of knowledge to ensure high efficiency of use of machinery and equipment in agriculture in accordance with modern requirements of resource conservation and environmental safety. As a result of the development of the discipline, the student will be able to analyze and summarize scientific and technical information, advanced domestic and foreign experience in the use of machines and technological equipment for livestock and crop production; theoretically justify and analyze the use of technological machines and equipment in livestock and crop production.
This course helps students to understand basic aspects of solving problems in the organization of technological processes for the operation and maintenance of transport-technological machines for agricultural